2023 will set a record for humanitarian relief requirements, with 339 million people in need of assistance in 69 countries, an increase of 65 million people compared to the same time last year. This level of humanitarian need is set to keep rising - driven by protracted conflicts, global pandemics and the effects of climate change.
At the same time, news coverage of humanitarian crises – which is vital to enabling the international community to understand, respond to and avert such emergencies – is itself facing an economic crisis. In short, humanitarian news is in crisis, just when it is needed most.
For this reason, Prof Mel Bunce (City, University of London), Dr Martin Scott (University of East Anglia) and Dr Kate Wright (University of Edinburgh) have been studying the production, content and funding of humanitarian news since 2015 – to help understand and improve its relevance, impact and economic sustainability.
Our research has involved multiple newsroom observations, surveys of aid workers and content analyses as well as interviews with approximately 200 journalists, news managers and media donors. It is funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
This study has highlighted not only the precarious state of humanitarian news, but also the challenges and opportunities of different funding models and newsroom practices that might support it. This includes funding from governments and private foundations and the adoption of virtual newsrooms. Our work has won a range of prizes including the ICA Wolfgang Donsbach Outstanding Journal Article of the Year Award (2020) and the UEA Outstanding Impact in Policy and Practice Award (2019).
See the publications tab for details of our academic articles, reports, op-eds and news coverage.
Please contact us if you have any questions about our research.